Closing Round Table

"New Strategies for Democratic Development and Political Integration in Europe"

30-31 maggio 2014

 

The 2 days round table will take place in Catania, at the Law Department, with 3 sessions of work. An interdisciplinary context will be created, as in previous seminars, to examine in depth - thanks to the synergy between Scholars of different sectors - the main points on which the future of Europe is based.

 

Programme 

 

Aula Magna, Villa Cerami 

Friday 30th May

 

9.00 Greetings

 

Prof. Giacomo Pignataro - Rector of the University of Catania 

Prof. Roberto Pennisi - Director of the Law Department 

Prof. Tommaso Auletta – President of the Law Degree 

Avv. Maurizio Magnano di San Lio – President of the Bar Association of Catania

Dott. Giovanni Vigneri – President of the Notary Council of Catania and Caltagirone

 

9.30 I session

 

President: Prof. Montanari

Prof. Adriana Ciancio – University of Catania

 

Introductory report

Prof. Filippo Donati – University of Firenze

Lisbon Treaty and democracy in the EU

Prof. Takeshi Ito - Università “Senshu” of Tokyo 

The politics of expertise and the liberal origin of European integration

 

11. 00 Coffee break 

11.30 Restarting of the work

 

Prof. Stelio Mangiameli - University of Teramo - ISSIRFA 

The European political integration and the ability of States to practice cohesion policy 

Prof. Paola Bilancia - University of Milan 

The economic governance between national states and the European integration process

Prof. Andrea Morrone - University of Bologna 

Economic crisis and the constitutional state in Europe

 

13.00: Debate

 

Aula 1, Villa Cerami 

15.30 II session

 

President: Prof. Nicoletta Parisi – University of Catania

 

Prof. Nicola Lupo - L.U.I.S.S. University of Rome 

European Parliament and national Parliaments in the “composite” EU Constitution 

Prof. Luca Mezzetti - University of Bologna

Democratic development and European integration: the contribution of regional autonomy and the impact on the system of territorial authorities

Prof. Ulrike Liebert - University of Bremen 

Democratizing the European Union from the bottom?

 

17.00 Coffee Break 

17.30 Debate

18.30 Planned reports

 

Dott. Giovanni Magrì; Dott. Andrea Patané; Dott. Valentina Petralia; Dott. Edoardo Raffiotta; Dott. Masako Suginohara

 

Saturday 31st May 

Aula 1, Villa Cerami

 

9.30 III Session

 

President: Prof. Agatino Cariola – University of Catania 

Prof. Otto Pfersmann - University of Paris 1 "La Sorbonne" 

The enigma of the European constitutional justice: control without the Constitution, paradoxical constituent structure or constitutional messianism?

Prof. Roberto Romboli - University of Pisa

Court of Justice and national Courts: the reference for a preliminary ruling as a dialogue tool

Prof. Antonio Ruggeri - University of Messina

European integration and the value of the Constitution

 

11.00 Coffee break

11:30 Debate

12:30 Closing session

 

Prof. Roberto Bin - University of Ferrara

Final report

 

Overview of some talks: 

The Future of political clientelism in Europe and Japan

Masako Suginohara & Takeshi Ito 

Clientelism remains to be an important channel of political mobilization in some mature democracies, despite a series of political reform aimed at making politics fair and transparent since the 1990s. By examining local political dynamics mainly in Italy and Japan, our presentation argues that the resurgence of clientelism is a paradoxical result of recent reforms.

More specifically, the introduction of majoritarian electoral rules has intensified competition in each district and, therefore, given patrons incentives to secure firm political support from their constituencies through provision of patronage.

Devolution has increased authority and discretion of the local elites, who have dominated clientelist exchanges at the local level. On the demand side of clientelism, the budget constraints facing countries since the 1990s have ironically raised value of patronage. Clients, or local constituencies, might compete even more fiercely for the limited public money.

In the absence of substantial policy issues in dispute, clientelism thus continues to prevail as a means to mobilize political support. The authors also point to the significant effects of local electoral institutions that have helped clientelistic practices survive.

********* 

The politics of expertise and the liberal origin of European integration

Takeshi Ito

The aim of this paper is to review the historical and political significance of the European Recovery Program (the ERP or the Marshall Plan) as an origin of European integration and European mode of economic governance. Different from conventional approaches (economic and diplomatic history & IR theory), the paper analyses historical political economy of European countries through controlled comparison of the ERP policy (the allocation of imports and credit) in Britain, France, Germany and Italy, combining the study of historical documents and the new institutionalist theory.

The paper finds out that, firstly, multi-sectoral nature of the ERP policy required non-partisan coordination among different actors with different economic ideas,
especially led by economic experts. Secondly, in order to strike a balance of competing demands for the ERP policy (reconstruction, development, security), the idea of ordoliberalism functioned as a focal point of consensus. The reason was that the idea, originally developed in prewar Germany, stresses the need for the state to ensure a
balance between market liberalization, investment (civil &military) and balance of payments and is fit for the newly internationalized political economy. Thirdly, the penetration of ordoliberalism over Western Europe through the ERP could explain an "ideational leap" from a German to a European paradigm of integration, in that it became one of the central thought for European integration at an early stage, such as in the ECSC, competition policy and etc.

The argument of the paper is expected to pose another possibility of European institutions of economic governance, based on an idea different from market liberalism, Keynesianism, dirigisme, or socialism. In addition, it sheds a new light on unexplored linkages between domestic, European and international political economy in postwar embedded liberalism.

 

 

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