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When we talk about information and communication we refer to the passage and / or movement of data between two or more subjects. It is practical action, therefore, valuable also to legal science. It must be considered by the subjects involved, the content of the data transmitted and the objectives pursued by their circulation. In the first part of the report, the notion of public communication will be described and commented on by the still problematic node from its legal status. The European Union has not escaped formal enunciation of the principle that it is necessary to circulate the knowledge held by any institutional entity and related to the different aspects of each specific activity and competence. Not as did the Italian legislator and the Constitutional Court. In the central part, will be highlighted in the fundamentals of public communication activities (in particular institutional communication) in the Italian Constitution and in the EU Treaties. These principles make it not only legitimate, but necessary make known all the information, except those covered by secrecy or confidentiality. In the third part, we will comment on the practical implementation of these principles at national and Community level. It will conclude by highlighting the continuity of a plan reformer who, although with great difficulty and slowness, has now defined by law, the link between public control on the flow of information and public individual and collective responsibility.